The edifice was built as a theatre by architect Wilhelm Vernukken in the years 1603/1606. The commissioner was Landgraf Moritz, who named the Ottoneum after his son Otto. Today, a natural history museum is housed here. Well-known collection pieces are a Xylotheque and the Ratzenberger Herbarium. [German]
Another attraction is the Goethe Elephant Skeleton. The skeleton received this name after Johann Wolfgang von Goethe used the skull of the animal for anatomical research of the incisive bone. A showcase in the Romantikerhaus in Jena tells about this scientific activity of the German poet.
Sources / More info
- Ottoneum Natural History Museum (Wikipedia)
- Ottoneum Natural History Museum (Website)
- Xylotheque (Wikipedia)
- travel-by-photos.com (Photo 1)